UCU 103: Introduction to Critical and Creative Thinking
Topics such as self-examination, individuality, collectivity, morality, Meaning of education: criticality and creativity, intellectual standards, (accuracy, clarity, precision, relevance), intellectual dispositions, elements of reasoning, assumptions, evidence, inferences, deduction, induction, validity, soundness, fallaciousness and their consequences.

APH 100: Introduction to Philosophy
The meaning and nature of philosophy as illustrated by the works of representatives philosophers in the West, such as Plato, Aristotle, St Augustine, Kant, Dewey, Kierkegaard, Sartre, Russell; in the East by scholars such as Confucius, Buddha, Radhakrishnan, and Suzuki; in Africa by people such as Senghor, Mbiti, Mudimbe, Kenyatta and Kagame.

APS 102 Social Psychology
Definition of Social Psychology. Socialization and Roles. Self-insight. Social-insight. Social Cognition. Social Influence. Conformity. Compliance and Obedience. Communication. Attribution theory and Attributional biases. Attitude-formation and change. Cognitive Dissonance. Discrimination and Prejudice. Group Dynamics: Group-types, group relations, group thinking, and group action. Interpersonal attraction. – liking, love and marriage. Prosocial behaviour-altruism, antisocial beh aviour – aggression. Power, Authority and Leadership.

ARE 103 Sociology of Religion
General approaches, perspectives and patterns of religion.  Religion in the modern world and its response to secularization, pluralism, globalization, sectarianism, politics and social change.  Past and contemporary scholars in sociology of religion.

ARE 104 Introduction to World Religions
The meaning and function of religion. Introductory study of Ancient Religions: Greek, Roman, Egyptian and Persian.  The major religions of the world: Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Bahai, Hinduism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Confucianism, Sikhism and Taoism.  Dimensions of religion: doctrinal, mythical, ritual, experiential, material, social and ethical. inter-religious dialogue.  

ARE 105 Introduction to African Religion and Culture
An overview of African Religion and culture; cosmology, kinship relations and rites of passage.  Mystical powers, rituals and symbols. Religious specialists.The concept of good and evil.  Continuity and change in African Religion and culture.

ARE 107 Sources of African Religion
Oral narratives, myths, rituals, symbols, art and archaeology.  Written texts on African Religion.

ARE 108 African Social Structure
The African social structure in the pre-colonial society; effects of colonization, foreign religions and contemporary issues on African Social Structure.

ARE 120 Religion, Culture and Development in Africa
Religious and cultural values, attitudes, beliefs and practices towards development; traditional economic systems; current development approaches and their impact on culture and religion. Role of religion and culture in social development today.

ARE 121 Introduction to Religious Ethics
Moral and ethical dimension of religion.  Origin, nature, function and sanction of religious ethics; Ethics in world religions. Religio-ethical issues in contemporary society.


ARE 211 Religious Anthropology
Definition and scope; origin and development of religious ideas and practices.  Formulation of religious beliefs in different cultures. Sources of religious anthropology: literature, paintings, historical sites, ancient civilizations.  

ARE 212 African Mythology
Myths related to creation, divinities, heroes, nature and destiny of humanity.  Mythology as a tool for understanding African history, religion, culture and social organization.  The future of mythology amidst social and technological changes.

ARE 213 Religion, Magic and Witchcraft in Africa
The concept of relationship between religion, witchcraft and magic. Beliefs and practices related to magic and witchcraft. Religion, witchcraft and magic. Socio-economic and political implication of magic and witchcraft in Africa. Present and future of magic and witchcraft in Africa.

ARE 220 African Rites of Passage
Rites of passage, classification, meaning and significance: birth, initiation to adulthood, marriage, elder-hood, death, burial and ancestor-hood.  Change and continuity.

ARE 221 African Belief Systems
Cosmologies of various African communities. Cosmologies as indicators of complexity of social, religio-cultural, economic  and political systems in Africa. Their relation to rites of passage such birth, initiation, marriage and death.

ARE 222 African Religion in Scholarship
Contribution of African and Western scholars to the study of African Religion such as P. Tempels, E. Pritchard, B. Malinowski, Parrinder, J. Kenyatta, J. Mbiti, O. P’Bitek, B. Idowu  L. Magesa, M. Kirwen, JNK Mugambi, B. Bujo, A. Shorter.

ARE 224 God in African Religion
African names of God: religious, cultural, social and moral significance; the nature and attributes of God; relationship between God, human beings and nature in African society; impact of African concept of God vis-à-vis other faiths.

ARE 225 Worship in African Religion
Meaning of worship; forms, objects, and places of worship. Worship leaders and rituals; Change and continuity in African indigenous worship.

ARE 226 Ethics and Morality in African Religion
African moral thought and its values; religion and culture in shaping morality and ethics in African communities.  Resilience and change in ethical and moral values in African Religion.

ARE 227 Theory and Method in the Study of Religion
Development of the study of the phenomenon of Religion as a socio-scientific subject from the enlightenment to date; important themes, theories and methods that have shaped the understanding and interpretation of religion: sociological, psychological, phenomenological, theological, historical, feminist, anthropological, philosophical.

ARE 267 Religion and Poverty Alleviation in Africa
Religious interpretations of causes and consequences of poverty; Comparison between religious and secular approaches to poverty alleviation. Survey of religious institutions involved in poverty alleviation in selected African countries.

ARE 270 Religion and Human Sexuality
Sexuality in world religions; regulating sexual behavior in various religions; Deviant sexual behavior and their implications.  Religious issues in chastity and celibacy; adolescent sexual behaviour and inter-generation conflicts; sex, gender and STIs.  


ARE 304 Religion and Political Movements in Africa
Religio-political movements in Africa including Neoprimal, Messianic, Prophetic, Ethiopian: causes, growth, influence and significance. Religious, anthropological and political causes, among others.  

ARE 311 Religion and Customary Law in Africa
The role of African Religion in formulation and development of customary law. Administration of justice, oaths; theory of power; concept of treason; status, debts, and land rights; kinship, marriage and funeral disputes. Rites of reconciliation and restoration; relation with modern law.

ARE 312 Philosophy of Religion
The concepts of the existence of God; problem of evil, religious faith and reason, religious experience and expression; religious language, truth; death and immortality.  Meaning and justification of religious claims.

ARE 314 African Religious Specialists
Characteristics of religious specialists; the vocation, training, functions; role of African religious specialists: medicine people, diviners, rainmakers (weather-people/meteorologists), ritual elders, prophetesses, prophets and priests, smiths.  

ARE 315 African Religious Philosophy
Concepts: ontology, God, spiritual beings, good and evil, life and death.  Foundations of ethics. Problems of language: symbols and rituals; Religious works of philosophers such as Wiredu, Mbiti, Odera, Gyekye, Horton, Tempels, Mugambi.

ARE 341 African Traditional Education
Traditional African educational systems and their role in providing information for formation and transformation, equipping individuals to be effective members in the society; main content, facilitators, methods and resources in disseminating indigenous education; resilience, change and challenges regarding this education in contemporary society.

ARE 344 African Religion and Material Culture
Religious and cultural values as embedded in repositories of African communities including artifacts, shrines, architecture, musical instruments, clothing, nature.

ARE 345 African Religion and Ethnicity
Meaning and interpretation; ethnocentricism; interplay between religion and ethnicity; role of religion in civil strife; impact of ethnicism: social, political, economic, religious. Religion and social cohesion.

ARE 346 Religion in African Literature
Analysis of themes, symbols, ideas and values in the works of selected African writers and oral artists.

ARE 372 Religion and Politics
Theories on politics and their religious interpretation. Religion and acquisition, distribution, use of power; Religious influence on political systems. The place of religion in governance, decision making, policy making, and leadership.

ARE 375: Religion and Human Work
Definitions of work; distinctions between various types of work ; Traditional African perspectives on work, Theology of work; ethical issues in different types of work; Religion and labor laws, child labor, trade unions, professional ethics,  employment, underemployment, unemployment and just wage.

ARE 376 Religion and Urbanization in Africa
The concept of urbanization; religion and urbanization processes; the impact of urbanization on religion and society with reference to: poverty, unemployment, landlessness, killer diseases, settlements. Interplay between urbanization and religion.


ARE 404 Techniques in the study of Religion
Identification of research problem and writing of an outline including: Statement of the problem, objective(s), hypothesis(es) or assumptions, research questions Literature review, theoretical/conceptual framework, research design, research population and sampling methods. Techniques of data collection and analysis, bibliography and instruments of inquiry.

ARE 405 Research Project
Collection, compilation and arrangement of data on a selected topic; analysis, interpretation, testing and presentation of findings.  Submission of dissertation of 10,000 words by end of second semester.

ARE 414 Rituals and Symbols in African Religion
Meaning and types of rituals and symbols; functions and significance of rituals and symbols in African religious beliefs and practices.  Change and continuity of African religious rituals and symbols.

ARE 421 Marriage and Family Structure in Africa
Nature, forms and purpose of marriage and family in indigenous and African contemporary communities; Family roles: religio-cultural, social and economic; Marital and family rights and their violation; family relations; the family structure in contemporary society: resilience, change and challenges.

ARE 422 History of African Religion
Historical study of African Religion: linguistics, anthropology and oral history; Archeology of selected sites such as Egypt, Namibia, Ethiopia, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Kenya, Sudan.

ARE 423 African Kinship Systems
The essence of African kinship relations; Impact of modern economy, science, religions, colonialism, urbanization, industrialization, western education, and ethnicity on African Kinship systems.  

ARE 424 African Beliefs vis-à-vis Health and Healing Systems
Beliefs on health and healing in Africa.  Indigenous beliefs on the causes of illness, curative and preventive measures; types of indigenous healers.  Indigenous systems of healing vis-à-vis contemporary patterns of healing.  The future of indigenous healing systems.

ARE 425 African Religion in the Diaspora
Meaning, history and extent of African religion in the diaspora; manifestations of African religious beliefs and practices and how they have been influenced by other cultures.  Role of African Religion in liberation movements, its prospects and challenges in the diaspora.

ARE 426 Gender Relations in African Religion and Culture
Role of African Religion and culture in defining gender relations and roles in African society; position, status and gender differentiation.  Impact of African religious beliefs and practices on gender relations.

ARE 427 Religion and Mass Media
Impact of mass communication on Religion and culture; religious biases resulting from modern mass media and technology in Africa; Use of mass media in religion; mass media and the future of religious beliefs and practices.

ARE 428 Religion, Technology and Environment
African worldview on environment, inter-relatedness and harmonious co-existence; African religious views on stewardship and maintenance of the eco-balance; African moral teaching on environmental conservation, technological advancement and environmental degradation.

ARE 461 Religion and Conflict Management
Theories, and principles of conflict prevention and management. Forms and causes of conflict in Africa. The role of religion in justice and peace binding; religion  and conflict management; African indigenous approaches to peace building. Conflict management, Peace building, reconciliation and  reconstruction approaches by selected religious institutions.



Academic Year






No. of Units













UCU 100: Communication Skills


UCU 101: Development Studies



UCU 103: Introduction to Critical and Creative Thinking



ARE 103: Sociology of Religion




ARE 104: Introduction to World Religions            




ARE 105: Introduction to African Religion and Culture




APH 100: Introduction to Philosophy



ARE 107:Sources of African Religion




APS 102: Social Psychology




ARE 108: African Social Structure



ARE 120: Religion, Culture and Development in Africa




ARE 121: Introduction to Religious Ethics






ARE 211: Religious Anthropology



ARE 212: African Mythology



ARE 213: Religion, Magic and Witchcraft in Africa




ARE 220: African Rites of Passage




ARE 221: African Belief Systems



ARE 222: African Religion in Scholarship



ARE 224: God in African Religion




ARE 225: Worship in African Religion




ARE 226: Ethics and Morality in African Religion



ARE 227: Theory and Method in the Study of Religion



ARE 267: Religion and Poverty Alleviation in Africa




ARE 270: Religion and Human Sexuality






ARE 304: Religion and Political Movements in Africa



ARE 311: Religion and Customary Law in Africa




ARE 312: Philosophy of Religion




ARE 314: African Religious Specialists




ARE 315: African Religious Philosophy




ARE 341: African Traditional Education




ARE 344: African Religion and Material Culture




ARE 345: African Religion and Ethnicity




ARE 346: Religion in African Literature




ARE 372: Religion and Politics




ARE 375: Religion and Human Work




ARE 376: Religion and Urbanization in Africa






ARE 404: Techniques in the Study of Religion



ARE 405: Research Project




ARE 414: Rituals and Symbols in African Religion



ARE 421: Marriage and Family Structure in Africa




ARE 422: History of African Religion




ARE 423: African Kinship Systems



ARE 424: African Beliefs vis-à-vis Health and Healing Systems



ARE 425: African Religion in the Diaspora




ARE 426: Gender Relations in African Religion and Culture




ARE 427: Religion and Mass Media



ARE 428: Religion, Technology and Environment



ARE 461: Religion and Conflict Management




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